Understanding Your Rights: All About the Education 504 Law

Understanding Your Rights: All About the Education 504 Law

Students with disabilities have the right to access quality education that meets their unique needs. In the United States, this right is protected by the Education 504 Law, which requires schools to provide appropriate accommodations and support to students with disabilities. If you or your child has a disability, it is essential to know your rights under this law to ensure that you receive the support you need to achieve academic success. In this article, we will discuss all there is to know about the Education 504 Law.

What is the Education 504 Law?

The Education 504 Law refers to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. This federal law prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities, including students in public schools and colleges, by institutions and organizations that receive federal funding. The law defines a disability as a physical or mental impairment that significantly limits one or more of life’s major activities. These activities may include learning, reading, speaking, or concentrating.

What does the Education 504 Law require?

The Education 504 Law mandates that public schools and colleges that receive federal funding provide students with disabilities an equal opportunity to participate in all school activities and programs. This law requires schools to provide reasonable accommodations and support to students with disabilities to ensure they receive the same educational opportunities as their peers without disabilities.

Examples of accommodations that may be provided under the Education 504 Law include:

– Providing extra time for tests or assignments
– Providing assistive technology such as screen readers or audio recording devices
– Providing preferential seating or mobility aids
– Offering a sensory break area for students with sensory processing disorders
– Allowing the use of a calculator or formula sheet

Who is eligible for Education 504 Law?

Students with any disability that substantially limits a major life activity are eligible for protection under the Education 504 Law. Major life activities can include hearing, seeing, walking, speaking, breathing, caring for oneself, learning, concentrating, or interacting with others. The law protects students with both physical and mental disabilities, including those with learning disabilities, ADHD, anxiety, depression, and autism.

What is the process for requesting accommodations?

To request accommodations under the Education 504 Law, parents or caregivers must contact the school and request an evaluation for the student. The school must provide an evaluation, at no cost to the parent or caregiver, to determine if the student has a disability and if accommodations are necessary. If the student meets the eligibility criteria, the school will create a 504 plan, which outlines the accommodations the student will receive, and who is responsible for providing them.


The Education 504 Law serves as a vital tool for ensuring that students with disabilities receive equal educational opportunities. Students with a disability that substantially limits one or more major life activities are eligible for reasonable accommodations under this law. Schools are required to provide these accommodations and support to students to ensure their success. If you or your child has a disability, it’s important to be aware of the Education 504 Law and your rights to receive the support you need to achieve academic success.

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