Understanding Essential Tremors: The Disease Where You Shake Uncontrollably

Understanding Essential Tremors: The Disease Where You Shake Uncontrollably

Have you ever experienced uncontrollable shaking of certain parts of your body? If you have, you may have wondered what could be causing this. One possibility is a condition called essential tremors.

In this article, we will dive deeper into essential tremors to help you understand the disease, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

What are Essential Tremors?

Essential tremors, also known as familial tremors, are a type of involuntary movement disorder that affects different parts of the body. The most common areas are the hands, arms, head, and vocal cords. Essential tremors typically present themselves as rhythmic shaking or trembling movements.

Unlike Parkinson’s disease, essential tremors are not degenerative. However, as the tremors worsen, they can interfere with daily activities, making it difficult for people to carry out tasks such as drinking, writing, or even holding items.

What Causes Essential Tremors?

The exact cause of essential tremors is unknown. However, evidence points to genetic factors playing a crucial role. Most cases of essential tremors are passed down from parent to child.

Research indicates that a gene known as LINGO1 is associated with essential tremors. The function of this gene is to instruct proteins that regulate the growth and maintenance of nerve cells. Mutations in the LINGO1 gene can alter the way these proteins function, leading to abnormal tremors.

Other factors that may contribute to essential tremors include stress, anxiety, caffeine, and some medications.

Symptoms of Essential Tremors

The main symptom of essential tremors is involuntary shaking. Shaking may occur in various situations, including when carrying out a task, being in a stationary position, or during movement. Tremors usually worsen as people age and can become severe enough to affect the quality of life.

Other symptoms of essential tremors include:

– Head nodding
– Difficulty speaking or writing
– Fluctuating tremors
– Mild balance problems

Treatment Options for Essential Tremors

At present, there is no known cure for essential tremors. However, several treatment options can reduce the symptoms and improve the quality of life for people with essential tremors.

Medication: Medications such as beta-blockers and anti-seizure drugs can effectively manage essential tremors. These drugs work by reducing the severity and frequency of tremors.

Surgery: For severe cases of essential tremors, brain surgery may be a viable option. The procedure involves implanting a device that sends electrical impulses to the brain to control tremors.

Lifestyle Changes: Gentle exercises such as yoga, meditation, and deep breathing can help reduce anxiety and promote relaxation, minimizing essential tremors. Avoiding stress, reducing caffeine intake, and getting enough sleep may also help.


Essential tremors are a neurological condition that can significantly impact the quality of life of those affected. While there is no cure, there are various treatment options for managing the symptoms. People with essential tremors should regularly consult their doctors and seek professional advice on appropriate treatments.

By understanding essential tremors, we can raise awareness and help those affected to manage their symptoms and live a fulfilling life.

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