The Impact of 3 Education Policies on Student Achievement: A Comprehensive Analysis

The Impact of 3 Education Policies on Student Achievement: A Comprehensive Analysis

Education policies are meant to improve the learning experience and academic performance of students. In this article, we analyze the impact of three education policies on student achievement. The three policies that we will be discussing are: smaller class sizes, longer school days, and increased teacher certification requirements.

Smaller Class Sizes

One popular policy is to reduce class sizes, with the belief that it will improve student achievement. However, research has shown mixed results. While some studies have found that smaller class sizes lead to better academic performance, others have found no significant effect.

A 2018 meta-analysis of 127 class size studies found that reducing class sizes did have a positive impact on student achievement, especially for younger students. The study found that smaller classes improved students’ test scores, graduation rates, and long-term outcomes such as college enrollment and employment. However, it is important to note that the positive effects were relatively small, and reducing class sizes can be expensive.

Longer School Days

Another policy that has been implemented in some schools is longer school days. The rationale behind this policy is that more instructional time will lead to better academic outcomes. However, research on this policy is also mixed.

A study conducted by the National Center on Time & Learning found that students who attended schools with longer school days had higher test scores in math and reading compared to students in schools with shorter days. However, other studies have found no significant effects of longer school days on student achievement.

It is necessary to consider the potential drawbacks of extended school days, including the need for additional resources such as teachers, facilities, and transportation.

Increased Teacher Certification Requirements

One policy that has been widely implemented is the requirement for teachers to have advanced degrees or additional certification. This policy aims to raise teacher quality and improve student outcomes.

Research has found that teacher certification can have a positive effect on student achievement. A study published in the Journal of Educational Research found that certified teachers were more effective in teaching reading and mathematics compared to non-certified teachers. Another study found that increasing teacher certification requirements led to higher student scores in math and reading.

However, it is important to note that this policy can also have drawbacks. Increased certification requirements could result in a smaller pool of qualified candidates, making it difficult for schools to fill teaching positions. It can also lead to higher salaries for certified teachers, which can strain the budgets of some school districts.


In conclusion, education policies can have varying impacts on student achievement. Smaller class sizes and longer school days can improve academic outcomes, but the effects are relatively small and may require additional resources. Increased teacher certification requirements can positively impact student achievement, but it can also lead to potential drawbacks.

It is essential that education policies are carefully evaluated before implementation to ensure they are cost-effective and beneficial for students.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *