La situation actuelle de l’éducation à Madagascar: défis et opportunités


Education is an invaluable tool that shapes an individual’s future and the society at large. In Madagascar, the situation of education faces both challenges and opportunities. While the country is making steady progress in certain areas, there are still issues that need to be addressed. This article aims to delve into the current situation of education in Madagascar, identifying the challenges facing the sector and exploring the opportunities that lie ahead.

The Challenges Facing Education in Madagascar

Madagascar faces a number of challenges when it comes to ensuring access to quality education. Firstly, poverty is a major barrier to education. According to UNICEF, more than half of the population lives below the poverty line, which means that many families cannot afford to send their children to school. Additionally, the country has a relatively low literacy rate, with only 64% of the population being literate.

Another major challenge is the lack of infrastructure and resources. Many schools are poorly equipped, lacking basic necessities such as textbooks, libraries, and proper sanitation facilities. This has a direct impact on the quality of education being provided, with teachers struggling to deliver effective lessons due to insufficient resources.

Furthermore, there is a shortage of trained teachers in Madagascar. According to UNESCO, the country has a teacher shortage of approximately 30,000, which means that many schools are understaffed. This has a direct impact on the quality of education being provided, with classes being overcrowded and teachers unable to provide individual attention to students.

The Opportunities for Education in Madagascar

Despite the challenges facing education in Madagascar, there are also opportunities for growth and improvement. One such opportunity is the country’s young population. With approximately 60% of the population being under the age of 25, there is a large pool of potential students who can be educated and trained to contribute positively to the country’s development.

Another opportunity lies in the government’s commitment to investing in education. Madagascar’s government has recognized the importance of education and has taken steps to address the challenges facing the sector. For example, the government has launched the Education For All initiative, which aims to improve education quality and access for all Malagasy citizens.

In addition, international aid agencies and organizations are also investing in education in Madagascar. For example, the World Bank has provided funding for the Education For All initiative, while UNICEF is working to improve access to education for vulnerable children.


In conclusion, the situation of education in Madagascar presents both challenges and opportunities. While poverty, lack of infrastructure, and teacher shortage are some of the challenges facing the sector, the young population, government commitment, and support from international organizations provide opportunities for growth and improvement. Addressing the challenges and seizing the opportunities will require collaboration, investment, and innovative solutions. By investing in education, Madagascar can unlock the potential of its youth and contribute to the country’s sustainable development.

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