Exploring World Culture Through Geography: A Journey Through Different Perspectives

Exploring World Culture Through Geography: A Journey Through Different Perspectives


Geography is more than just maps and topography. It’s a fascinating tool to help us explore the world’s cultures and societies. Every corner of the earth has a unique story to tell, and studying geography can help us understand and appreciate these diverse perspectives. In this article, we’ll take a journey through different cultures and societies around the world, and explore how geography has played a crucial role in shaping them.

How Geography Shapes Cultures

Geography has played a vital role in shaping the world’s cultures and societies. In areas where resources are scarce, people have learned to adapt and become self-sustainable. Similarly, in areas where resources are abundant, there is often more specialization and trade. Take, for example, the Inuit people of Northern Canada, who have adapted to living in extremely cold climates by using igloos for shelter and hunting marine animals for their meat and fur. Another example is the ancient Mayan civilization in present-day Mexico, who built their cities around freshwater sources and created sophisticated irrigation systems to support agriculture.

How Culture Shapes Geography

Not only does geography shape culture, but culture also shapes geography. Human activities such as agriculture, mining, and urbanization can significantly modify the landscape and environment. For instance, rice terrace farming in Vietnam and China has transformed steep mountain slopes into productive agricultural areas, creating a stunning landscape. In contrast, deforestation and urbanization in South America have led to the disappearance of large areas of the Amazon Rainforest, causing significant environmental damage.

Examples of Culture and Geography Working Together

The relationship between culture and geography is not just one-way – they can work together to create something unique. One example is the traditional Japanese garden, which showcases the country’s beautiful natural landscape. These gardens often feature a combination of ponds, rocks, and plants, and are intended to be a peaceful retreat from the hustle and bustle of the city. Another example is the Masai Mara National Reserve in Kenya, which is home to the Masai people, who continue to preserve their traditional way of life while coexisting with the animals in the reserve.


Geography is a powerful tool that can help us understand the complexities of our world’s diverse cultures and societies. By studying geography, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the ways that people and geography influence each other. From the Inuit people of Northern Canada to the Masai people of Kenya, every society has a unique story to tell, and it is through the lens of geography that we can begin to understand and appreciate their perspectives.

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