How is the World’s Response to Disease X Affecting Global Health Policies for UPSC?


Disease outbreaks are not new to the world, and history has witnessed their wide-ranging impacts on humanity. From the Black Death to the Spanish flu, pandemics have devastated populations and challenged countries’ healthcare systems. Although there have been various measures to curb the spread of diseases, the recent outbreak of Disease X has exposed the cracks in the global health policies. This article aims to discuss how the world’s response to Disease X is affecting global health policies for UPSC aspirants.


What is Disease X?

Disease X is a term used to describe a hypothetical new pathogen that could cause a global epidemic. In May 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) added Disease X to its list of priority diseases. The reason behind the inclusion of this term is to emphasize the need for preparedness and research to combat an unknown pathogen. Disease X has no known cure or vaccine and can quickly spread to populations without any warning.

The World’s Response to Disease X:

The response to Disease X can be categorized into two parts: individual country’s response and global response.

Individual Country’s Response:

The initial response to Disease X was placed upon individual countries. Countries across the globe started implementing measures to contain the spread of the disease. Border closures, contact tracing, quarantine, and isolation were some of the measures taken to contain the outbreak. However, the response has been varied, with some countries doing better than others.

Global Response:

The recent pandemic has shown that a global response is necessary to combat pandemics. Various international organizations, including the WHO, have played a crucial role in coordinating the global response to Disease X. The WHO has been working with countries worldwide to develop vaccines and research to tackle the novel pathogen. The importance of the WHO’s response to global pandemics has been highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The rapid spread of COVID-19 highlighted the need for a coordinated global response to pandemics.

Affecting Global Health Policies for UPSC:

The world’s response to Disease X has affected global health policies for UPSC aspirants in various ways.

Healthcare Infrastructure:

The outbreak of Disease X has exposed the inadequacy of healthcare infrastructure worldwide. The lack of healthcare infrastructure is felt acutely in less developed countries, where resources are already scarce. Governments worldwide have recognized the need for an improved healthcare infrastructure to tackle future pandemics.

Research and Development:

The need for research and development has been a crucial part of the response to Disease X. Countries worldwide have invested heavily in research to develop vaccines and treatments for novel pathogens. The Indian government has launched the ‘Mission Covid Suraksha’ to encourage other countries’ pharmaceutical companies to develop vaccines in India.

Global Collaboration:

The outbreak of Disease X has highlighted the need for global collaboration in tackling pandemics. Various international organizations have been at the forefront of the fight against Disease X. The WHO after COVID-19 has called for a global collaboration framework and has emphasized the importance of information sharing.


In conclusion, the outbreak of Disease X has highlighted the importance of a global response framework to tackle pandemics. The world’s response to Disease X has affected global health policies for UPSC aspirants in various ways, including healthcare infrastructure, research and development, and global collaboration. It is essential to understand that pandemics are a global problem and require a coordinated global response.

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