Unveiling the Comprehensive History of Internet of Things PDF: From its Emergence to Present-Day Trends

Unveiling the Comprehensive History of Internet of Things PDF: From its Emergence to Present-Day Trends

The internet of things (IoT) is a concept that describes the interconnection of everyday devices and appliances through the internet. IoT has revolutionized the way we live, work and interact with the world around us. The term ‘Internet of Things’ was coined in 1999 by Kevin Ashton, a British technology pioneer. However, the history of IoT dates back to the 1980s when the first smart devices were developed.

Emergence of IoT

The first smart device was the Coca-Cola vending machine developed by Carnegie Mellon University in 1982. The vending machine was able to report its stock levels and temperature. In the late 1980s, the world saw the emergence of the first smart home devices, which included light switches and thermostats that could communicate with each other.

In the 1990s, the IoT concept was further developed with the advent of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology. The technology enabled devices to communicate with each other without the need for a direct line of sight. By the year 2000, IoT had grown vastly to incorporate millions of devices, and this number has rapidly increased over the years to reach an astonishing 31 billion IoT devices globally in 2020.

Past Trends of IoT

The early 2000s witnessed the growth of connectivity as devices were designed with internet compatibility to enable communication between them. The rise of mobile devices and smartphones also helped fuel the growth of IoT. In addition, the development of cloud computing enabled easier data storage and processing, leading to lucrative advancements in IoT.

In 2014, the world saw the emergence of the Internet of Everything (IoE) concept, a term that encompasses IoT and all other interconnected devices that exchange data. IoE has since revolutionized IoT, leading to increased connectivity and efficient exchange of data. Energy consumption and environmental pollution also decreased as a result of the implementation of IoT devices.

Present-Day Trends of IoT

The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the adoption of IoT as remote work and communication have become the new norm. IoT has made it possible for people to work from anywhere and collaborate seamlessly across the globe. In addition, the healthcare sector has adopted IoT to monitor patients remotely and deliver timely treatment.

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been integrated into IoT to enhance efficiency, decision-making, and automation. AI and machine learning algorithms are used to analyze massive amounts of data collected by IoT devices, providing accurate insights.


IoT has come a long way since its emergence in the 1980s. The concept has revolutionized the way we interact with the world around us by providing seamless connectivity between smart devices. With the advancements in connectivity, cloud computing and artificial intelligence, IoT is poised to shape the future of technology in impressive ways that we can only imagine.

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